Acne is the most common skin condition and affects 80% of people at some point in their life. Acne is caused by the body’s immune system creating an inflammatory response to bacteria that lives in the skin called P.acnes.
All types of acne develop when pores in our skin become clogged. The culprit is an oil in our skin called sebum. Our bodies make more sebum when our hormones surge or can be caused by lifestyle or diet changes. Bacteria that normally live on our skin, P. acnes, thrive in this excess oil and can rapidly increase in number. As the bacteria multiply in a clogged pore, the pore becomes inflamed and causes a spot to look red, hot, and swollen. When inflammation reaches deep into the skin, an acne cyst forms. This is the most severe type of acne. Cysts can be very painful and people often see permanent scarring after this type of acne heals.